National legislation

Tasks in the sphere of social security are exercised by many institutions, including:

  • Social Insurance Institution (Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych, ZUS) – cash benefits and benefits in kind provided from the social insurance under the disability prevention,
  • Agricultural Social Insurance Fund (Kasa Rolniczego Ubezpieczenia Społecznego, KRUS) – cash benefits and benefits in kind in the form of benefit payments made within the framework of benefit prevention from farmer’s social insurance,
  • Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy (Ministerstwo Rodziny, Pracy i Polityki Społecznej, MRPiPS) – benefits in respect of unemployment, family benefits and social benefits (from social assistance),
  • National Health Fund (Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia, NFZ) – benefits in kind from health insurance,
  • the Open Pension Funds (otwarte fundusze emerytalne, OFEs) – the depositing and investing of funds to finance a part of an individual’s old-age pension under the new rules within the second pillar of the pension scheme.
  • Occupational Pension Programmes (pracownicze programy emerytalne, PPEs) – the depositing and investing of funds to finance a supplementary (voluntary) part of an individual’s old-age pension under the new rules within the second pillar of the pension scheme.

Many legal acts govern the legal obligation of insurance to function in the case of certain social contingencies and the guaranteeing of benefits on the occurrence of such contingencies, starting from the supreme legal act – the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.

The detailed regulations governing individual areas of social security are contained in separate Acts of Parliament. The most important of them include:

  • the Act of 13 October 1998 on the social insurance system (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 963 as amended),
  • the Act of 17 December 1998 on pensions from the Social Insurance Fund (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1383 as amended),
  • the Act of 20 April 2004 on the Individual Old-age Pension Accounts and Individual Old-age Pension Protection Accounts (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 1776 as amended),
  • the Act of 20 April 2004 on the Occupational Pension Programmes (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 1449 as amended),
  • the Act of 21 November 2008 on the old-age funded pensions (Journal of Laws of 2014, item 1097 as amended),
  • the Act of 28 August 1997 on the organisation and operation of old-age pension funds (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 870),
  • the Act of 19 December 2008 on the old-age bridging pensions (Journal of Laws of 2015, item 965 as amended),
  • the Act of 25 June 1999 on cash social insurance benefits in respect of sickness and maternity (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1368 as amended),
  • the Act of 30 October 2002 on social insurance in respect of accidents at work and occupational diseases (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 2179 as amended),
  • the Act of 27 June 2003 on the social pension (Journal of Laws of 2013, item 982 as amended),
  • the Act of 30 April 2004 on pre-retirement benefits (Journal of Laws of 2013, item 170 as amended),
  • the Act of 23 January 2008 on the transfer of old-age pensions entitlements of European Union civil servants (Journal of Laws of 2008 no. 47, item 274 as amended).

Health care benefits are granted pursuant to:

  • the Act of 27 August 2004 on health care benefits financed by public funds (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1938 as amended).

Benefits in respect of unemployment are granted pursuant to:

  • the Act of 20 April 2004 on employment promotion and labour market institutions (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1065 ad amended).

Benefits from the social insurance of farmers are granted pursuant to:

  • the Act of 20 December 1990 on the social insurance of farmers (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 2336 as amended).

Social assistance benefits are granted pursuant to:

  • the Act of 12 March 2004 on social assistance (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1769 as amended).

Family benefits are granted pursuant to:

  • the Act of 28 November 2003 on family benefits (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1952 as amended),
  • the Act of 11 February 2016 on state aid in raising children (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1851 as amended),
  • the Act of 5 December 2014 on a Large Family Card (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1832 as amended).

Carer benefits are given on the basis:

  • the Act of 4 April 2014 on the establishment and payment of allowances for guardians (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 162 as amended).

Benefits from the Maintenance Fund are granted pursuant to:

  • the Act of 7 September 2007 on assistance for persons entitled to a maintenance allowance (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 489 as amended).

Vocational and social rehabilitation and the employment of disabled persons is carried out pursuant to:

  • the Act of 27 August 1997 on the vocational and social rehabilitation and employment of disabled persons (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 2046 as amended).