Old-age pensions operating under the earlier rules - ZUS
Old-age pensions in the old scheme
Old-age pensions in the old scheme
30 October 2023
Under the old pension scheme, the old-age pension is granted when the insured person meets both of the following conditions:
- reaches the normal retirement age,
- has completed the required insurance period.
The required insurance period is at least:
- 20 years for women,
- 25 years for men.
The insurance period is the sum of all contributory and non-contributory periods. The non-contributory periods are taken into account only in the part that does not exceed 1/3 of proven contributory periods. Insured persons who have reached the normal retirement age, but have completed the insurance period shorter than the required one, may receive the pension with a reduced qualifying insurance period.
The reduced insurance period is:
- at least 15 years for women,
- at least 20 years for men.
The pension granted on the basis of the reduced qualifying insurance period is not increased by ZUS to the amount of the minimum pension.
Certain groups of persons who work in special conditions or perform work of a special character may retire at an age lower than the normal retirement age.
The pension calculated under the old scheme consists of:
- 24% of the base amount,
- 1.3% of the assessment basis for each contributory year,
- 0.7% of the assessment basis for each non-contributory year, however, non-contributory years are taken into account only in respect of that part which does not exceed 1/3 of the proven contributory periods.
The basis for old-age pension assessment is an average assessment basis of a contribution to pension insurance or to social insurance in one of the following variants:
- from the period of 10 consecutive calendar years that the person concerned has selected from the recent 20 calendar years,
- from 20 calendar years selected from the whole insurance period.
ZUS adds to the old-age pension assessment basis the amounts due to the insured person in a given calendar year in respect of:
- remuneration for the period of incapacity for work,
- sickness allowance,
- maternity allowance,
- care allowance,
- rehabilitation benefit,
- compensatory allowance,
- compensatory benefit or supplement,
- the value of monetary compensation for a periodic failure to increase salaries in the budgetary sphere.
The amount of unemployment benefits, training allowances or scholarships paid from the Labour Fund for a period of documented incapacity for work is also included in the pension assessment basis.
In order to establish the assessment basis, ZUS sums up the assessment basis of contributions and of the benefit in each year from the selected calendar years. It then calculates the ratio between each of the amounts so obtained and the annual amount of the average wage/salary for the given calendar year; this ratio is expressed as a percentage. ZUS then calculates the arithmetic average of the values obtained. It constitutes the assessment basis index (which may amount to a maximum of 250%). Finally, ZUS multiplies the base amount by this index.
The base amount equals 100% of average wage/salary from the preceding calendar year, reduced by the compulsory social insurance contributions deducted from earnings of persons insured. It is determined every year with effect from 1 March.
From 1 March 2021 to 28 February 2022 the base amount equalled PLN 4,512.41. Whereas from 1 March 2022 it is PLN 4,944.79.
Legal status as of 2022